1. Make it Easy. Speak slowly, loudly, and use short, common words.
2. Emphasize Clarity. If you are going to model speech, then your speech
must be clear and distinct, with proper formation of the sounds in words.
You must demonstrate correct articulation, pronunciation, grammar,
and sentence structure. Use repetition of single words, phrases, and
sentences to build speech and language skills.
3. Speed. Model the optimum speed of speaking, which is slow enough for
the PCD to hear the word or sound they are trying to imitate and then
to pronounce that word or sound correctly. It is difficult for both the SM
and the PCD to adjust their rate of speech, but doing so will limit the
difficulty the PCD has been encountering in speaking.
4. Step into the PCD’s World. !e SM must take time to get to know
who the PCD is: identify their specific speaking difficulty, find out who
they are, what they value, and what they enjoy doing. !e best way to
get someone to talk is to ask them a question (invite them to talk) about
something they know a lot about and have an intense interest in.
5. !e Power is the Question. Questions are open invitations to speak.
With the proper use of a simple question, the PCD will be successful
duplicating the words the SM models.
6. Use of Bombardment. Use all three ways of bombardment when
possible in the presentation of a word or phrase—letting the PCD hear,
see, and say the model numerous times to facilitate memory.
11 Anonymous, Language Intervention Strategies in Adult Aphasia, 4th ed., (Baltimore: Lippincott
Williams & Wilkins, April 15, 2001).
You are an inspiration and a credit to your profession. Thank you for
your time care and patience and most of all thank you for giving col
his speech back when others had given up, we remain in your debt
What an amazing human being! He’s very caring, funny, responsible, patient, compassionate, understands the needs of his patients, wouldn’t quit. He works so hard to accomplish one goal, and that’s to help the person talk again. But best of all, he’s a friend. A wonderful speech therapist, but an incredible friend for believing in me. Thank you, Mark. M.G.